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History of Bangladesh

About Bangladesh Related Topics

History of Bangladesh | Basic Information of Bangladesh | Seasons of Bangladesh | Geography of Bangladesh |  Weather of Bangladesh | Politics of Bangladesh | Religions of Bangladesh | Transportation System | Cultural Activities | Dance and Music | Fruits and Foods | Peoples of Bangladesh | Villages of Bangladesh | Nature of Bangladesh | World Heritage | Bangladesh Information

Until the 16th century Bengal was very wealthy part of the subcontinent. The area's early history saw a series of Indian empires, internal squabbling, and a clash between Hinduism and Buddhism for dominance. Then the unstoppable tide of Islam washed over northern India at the end of the 12th century. Mohammed Bakhtiar, from Turkistan, captured Bengal in 1199 with only 20 men by an unexplained brave and smart strategy.

During the Moghul regime, art and literature flourished, overland trade developed and Bengal was opened to world maritime trade. The Portuguese arrived at the 15th century but were driven out in 1633 by local opposition. The East India Company settled terms to establish a fortified trading post in Calcutta in 1690. The Moghul power was turned down and led to greater provincial autonomy, showing signs the rise of the independent dynasty of the nawabs of Bengal.

In Bengal, The Britsh established an institutional and social structure, and Calcutta became one of the most important centres for commerce, education and culture in the subcontinent. The presence of British was a relief to the minority Hindus but a misfortune for the Muslims. The Hindus cooperated with the Britsh, entered British educational institutions and studied the English language, but the Muslims refused to cooperate.

When the World War II was about to end it was clear that European colonialism had run its course and Indian independence was obvious. India got independence in 1947 but the struggle was bitter and conflict-ridden, especially in Bengal where the fight for self-government was complicated by internal religious conflict.

East Pakistan was administered unfavorably from West Pakistan. A sense of Bengali nationalism was emerged because of inequalities and discrimination between the two regions. When the government of Pakistan declared that 'Urdu and only Urdu' would be the national language, the Bangla-speaking Bengalis raised up their voice against it, because this was a question of cultural identity. The drive to establish Bengali language as state language led into a push for self-government .When the Awami League, a nationalistic party, won a majority in the 1971 national elections, the president of Pakistan postponed opening the National Assembly. Riots and strikes broke out in East Pakistan, the independent state of Bangladesh was unilaterally announced, and Pakistan sent troops to crush the revolution.

The war of independence was one of the cruelest incidents of modern times, while the Pakistan army occupying all major towns, and slaughtering and raping villagers. This was a brutal genocide. In 16 December, 1971, Bangladesh became independent as the world's 139th independent country. Sheikh Mujib, father of the nation and one of the founders of the Awami

League, became the country's first prime minister in January 1972. Later, in 15 August, 1975 he along with his almost all family members was assassinated brutally by some misleading army officers. 


 

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