The Vision of the government is to provide access to affordable and reliable electricity to all by 2021.
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Bangladesh, with its 152 million people in a land mass of 147,570 sq km, has shown tremendous growth in recent years. A booming economic growth, rapid urbanization and increased industrialization and development has increased the country's demand for electricity. Presently, 62% of the total population (including renewable energy) has access to electricity and per capita generation is 321 kWH, which is very low compared to other developing countries.
Recognizing the fact the present government has prioritized the power sector right from its election manifesto. As per the manifesto, electricity generation in the country was supposed to be 5000 MW by the year 2011 and 7000 MW by 2013. The government has been successful in meeting these targets and has even been able to achieve higher level of precedents. The government aims to generate an additional 15,000 MW electricity, within 2016 under short, medium and long term plan. This target is much higher than the one stated in the election manifesto.
Assessing the current state of electricity in Bangladesh, this web page disseminates on how to develop and communicate various strategies and plans and implement moderate growth in demand through increased efficiency. It also investigates on how to combine environmental goals into planning and operation and tries to find ways on how to ensure sufficient supply wherever and whenever it is required, as well as on how to handle various other challenges in the power sector.
The government has further extended its vision targeting the upcoming years up to 2030 and prepared the Power System Master Plan 2010 (PSMP). This plan states that in 2030 the demand of power would be around 34,000 MW while the generation capacity would be about 39,000 MW.
Presently, the generation capacity is nearly 9,713 MW(September,2013) which implies that much endeavor is required to achieve the goal. Considering the country’s future energy security, the government has rightly given due importance on renewable energy, energy efficiency as well as energy conservation. [Content Source: Power Division, Bangladesh]
Energy and Mineral Resources Division (EMRD)
Power Division, Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources
Power Cell, Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources
Dhaka Power Distribution Company Limited (DPDC)
Dhaka Electric Supply Company Ltd. (DESCO)
Power Grid Company of Bangladesh Limited (PGCBL)
Rural Power Company Limited(RPCL)
Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB)
Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB) is a statutory body created in May 1, 1972, by presidential Order No. 59 after bifurcation of erstwhile Bangladesh Water and Power Development Authority. BPDB started its operation with Installed Generation capacity of only 200 MW. Installed Generation capacity (December 2013) has increased to 10264 MW.
As part of reform and restructuring a number of Generation and Distribution companies have been created. The subsidiaries of BPDB are:
- Ashuganj Power Station Company Ltd. (APSCL)
- Electricity Generation Company of Bangladesh (EGCB)
- North West Power Generation Company Ltd. (NWPGCL)
- West Zone Power Distribution Company Ltd. (WZPDCL)
The BPDB is responsible for major portion of generation and distribution of electricity mainly in urban areas except Dhaka and West Zone of the country. The Board is under the Power Division of the Ministry of power, Energy and Mineral Resources, Government of Bangladesh.
BPDB has taken a massive capacity expansion plan to add about 10500 MW Generation capacity in next 5 years to achieve 24000 MW Capacity according to PSMP-2010 by 2021 with the aim to provide quality and reliable electricity to all the people of Country for desired economic and social development. The power system has been expanded to keep pace with the fast growing demand. [Source: BPDB ]
The Rural Electrification Board of Bangladesh has been providing service to rural member consumers for over 36 years. Continued support from the Government of Bangladesh, the donor community, consulting partners, and member consumers will help this program continue to expand, providing the gift of electricity to millions more Bangladeshi households, businesses, and industries.
Rural Electrification Board Act, 2013 has been established instead of Rural Electrification Board Ordinance, 1977 (Ordinance No. LI of 1977) and The name of Board is Bangladesh Rural Electrification Board. Which was responsible for electrifying rural Bangladesh. Since its inception, the purpose of the program has been to use electricity as a means of creating opportunities for improving agricultural production and enhancing socio-economic development in rural areas, whereby there would be improvements in the standard of living and quality of life for the rural people.
Today there are 72 operating rural electric cooperatives called Palli Bidyuit Samity (PBS), which bring service to approximately 99,54,403 new connection being made and more than 2,55,042 kms of line has been constructed.
Enormous changes have occurred in areas all across rural Bangladesh due to people having access to electricity. The magnitude of changes and the impact of the RE Program is vast and diversified and information documenting these have become more acute in recent years. All stakeholders, particularly the Government of Bangladesh and the development partners need documentation that supports the large funding requirements that are needed to expand the program further. Given these circumstances, decisions were taken to have this "Economic and Social Impact Evaluation Study of the Bangladesh Rural Electrification Program". This Study was begun in March 2002 with the selection of the Human Development Research Centre (HDRC), an established Bangladeshi consulting firm.
This eight-month Study involved more than 100 male and female qualified enumerators, as well as a number of data quality controllers. working to collect quantitative and qualitative data through the completion of questionnaires during the interview of 378 cases in more than 70 villages/thanas in both electrified and non electrified areas of 23 different PBSs dispersed across the country. in addition, the fieldwork also included 27 "focus group discussion" and nine "group discussion with the PBS Board and Members". The four major categories of consumers namely domestic, commercial. irrigation and industry were included when preparing the sampling sizes for both experimental and control groups. Fourteen different instruments are designed, field tested, and used for the information collection phases of the Study.[Source: BREB]
72 Palli Bidyuit Samity (PBS)