All Furniture of Bangladesh

Furniture household movables such as chairs, tables, and beds. Normally the word also implies draperies, rugs, mirrors, lamps, and other furnishings. The history of furniture parallels the progress of culture. Until the end of the 18th century, Bengal furniture drew motifs of designs and ornamentation from two sources: ancient Hindu culture and medieval Muslim culture. In addition, general oriental techniques of carving and inlay on ivory and wood also worked as common motifs.

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Traditional furniture As regards ancient and medieval furniture, some idea may be formed on the basis of terracotta, religious images, temple art, sculptures, wood and ivory works, etc. The following furniture, according to these sources, seem to have been mainly in vogue: taktaposh, a wooden bedstead; moda, a cane or bamboo stool; satranch, a striped carpet of thick cotton cloth; farash, a broad cotton spreadsheet, jal chauki, a stool; pati, a mat of fine texture; swap, another description of mat of not so fine a quality; different sorts of coarse mats; pidi, a plank seat; chhala, a jute mat; kusan, a seat made ofkusa grass. These are essentially sitting and sleeping furniture accompanied certainly by many other auxiliary items not so much known today.

Modern furniture Modern furniture has a direct association with colonial rule. In their trade settlements established in various parts of Bengal. Europeans furnished their homes and offices with contemporary European furniture. But such furniture did not influence the native taste at all. Until the mid-nineteenth century, the use of European furniture remained confined to European houses and offices only. The typical Bengali household furniture, barring rare exceptions, was essentially traditional in style. Even in offices, Babus were seen to have shown strong preference for native furniture. Seldom did they use chairs and tables. With the spread of western education and the rise of a an western educated middle class, and the growth of urbanism, the bhadralok class tended to borrow western styles in furnishing their homes and offices, though large majority of the people, especially in rural areas, clung to traditional furniture.


Gradually, modern furniture, including steel, metallic or plastic forms along with wooden ones began to be used widely. In has become an essential part of residential houses, offices, institutions, hotels, restaurants, hospitals, public halls and auditoriums. Variations in furniture usage occur on different counts. In rural areas, traditional furnishings still prevail, but there is an increasing mingling of modern designs. Furniture usage in rural schools, restaurants or community centres is marked by the parallel use of modern furniture with traditional ones; however, the latter is being fast replaced by the former.

Content Source: BanglaPedia

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